Colorado General Information


Abbreviated as CO on ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG, Colorado is a state in the western part of the United States of America. The name Colorado comes from Spanish and means “reddish”. In 2000, Colorado had 4,301,261 residents.

Colorado Population


The Centennial State



Biggest town



Rank (within the US): 8th out of 50 states

Total: 269,837 km²

Land: 268,879 km²

Water (%): 962 km² (0.36%)


Rank (within the US): 24th out of 50 states

Total (2000): 4,301,261

Density: 16 / km²

State membership

Place: 38th

Since: August 1, 1876


Time zone: Mountain: UTC –7 / –6

Latitude: 37 ° N to 41 ° N

Longitude 102 ° W to 109 ° W

Width: 451 km

Length: 612 km

Highest position: 4,399 m

Average location: 2,073 m

Lowest position: 1,021 m

Colorado State Flag

The Great Plains begin in the east of Colorado and the Colorado Plateau is in the SW. The Rocky Mountains stretch through the rest of the state, which is why Colorado is also counted among the mountain states. The highest mountain, Mt. Elbert, is also the highest mountain in the Rocky Mountains. The neighboring states are Utah (in the west), Wyoming (in the north), Kansas (in the east), New Mexico (in the south), Nebraska (in the NE) and Oklahoma (in the SE). The main river, after which the state was named, is the Colorado River, which flows through the northwest of the state. List of counties in Colorado


The Spanish explorer Coronado came from the south and was the first European to set foot on Colorado’s soil in 1541, but it was only Juan de Uribarri who claimed the area for the Spanish kingdom in 1701. In 1848 Mexico had to cede the western part of Colorado to the Americans, after the eastern part fell to the USA in 1819. The 1859 gold rush brought large numbers of settlers to the Denver area. Major gold deposits were soon discovered near Central City. By 1860 Central City had a population of 60,000. As always with mineral resources, the supply of gold is eventually exhausted and so many small towns emerged over the years, which were abandoned when the gold market collapsed or the gold was mined. Some cities like Aspen, Telluride or Cripple Creek have as ski resorts, Cultural center or player cities regained importance. Others were not so lucky and became ghost towns. Denver has now become the economic and financial center of the Rocky Mountain region.

In 1876 Colorado became the 38th state in the United States.


Colorado has 4.3 million people, 88% of whom are white and 4% are black. Otherwise 27,000 Indians, 424,000 Mexicans (13%) and 28,000 Asians live there. 82% of the population lives in cities.


Breeding and cultivation

Sheep and beef cattle are mainly raised in the mountains. Corn, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets and fruit are grown.

Industry and services

In the second half of the 20th century, the industrial and service sectors in particular developed. The Colorado economy is fanned out on a wide spectrum. The density of companies in the field of scientific research and the high-tech industry is particularly noteworthy.

Mineral resources and deposits

Copper, uranium (since 1945), coal, gold, silver, clay, vanadium, lead, zinc, iron, molybdenum, petroleum (since 1949), precious stones.


Colorado Springs is a town in the state of Colorado and El Paso County with a population of around 416,000. With just over 300 days of sunshine a year, this place has a considerable amount of sunshine and is also beautifully idyllic at the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Because of the average daytime temperatures, one should consider moving to Colorado Springs. These are a pleasant 20 ° on an annual mean. Only at night you should take a jacket with you to be on the safe side, even in the summer months. Colorado Springs is almost 1,800 meters higher than the highest German city of Oberwiesenthal (1,215 meters).

Colorado Springs is about 100 kilometers south of Denver, the capital of the state of Colorado. Many other well-known cities such as Salt Lake City (600 miles), Oklahoma City (600 miles) and even Las Vegas (800 miles) are just a day’s journey away. Three major North American rivers flow in the state of Colorado. The Arkansas River flows close to Colorado Springs, the Rio Grande, famous for western films, is further south and the Colorado River is to the west of Colorado Springs.

Almost a stone’s throw from Colorado Springs, one of the highest suspension bridges in the world hangs over the Arkansas River. The Royal Gorge Bridge is almost 321 meters high and consists of a steel structure with almost 1,300 wooden planks.

There is no shortage of sights in and around the city near the Rocky Mountains. In the “Garden of the Gods” you will not stop being amazed. This is a 520 hectare park for which you do not have to pay admission. The imposing sandstone formations have already provided for some beautiful or exciting moments in various Hollywood films. This park is a very popular destination for tourists. Activities such as horse riding, hiking or mountain biking make many an athlete’s heart beat faster.

The bighorn of the Rocky Mountains is the symbol of the state of Colorado

Colorado Counties and County Seats

According to Countryaah, there are a total of 64 counties in the state of Colorado.

  1. Adams County (County Seat: Brighton)
  2. Alamosa County (County Seat: Alamosa)
  3. Arapahoe County (County Seat: Littleton)
  4. Archuleta County (County Seat: Pagosa Springs)
  5. Baca County (County Seat: Springfield)
  6. Bent County (County Seat: Las Animas)
  7. Boulder County (County Seat: Boulder)
  8. Broomfield County (County Seat: Broomfield)
  9. Chaffee County (County Seat: Salida)
  10. Cheyenne County (County Seat: Cheyenne Wells)
  11. Clear Creek County (County Seat: Georgetown)
  12. Conejos County (County Seat: Conejos)
  13. Costilla County (County Seat: San Luis)
  14. Crowley County (County Seat: Ordway)
  15. Custer County (County Seat: Westcliffe)
  16. Delta County (County Seat: Delta)
  17. Denver County (County Seat: Denver)
  18. Dolores County (County Seat: Dove Creek)
  19. Douglas County (County Seat: Castle Rock)
  20. Eagle County (County Seat: Eagle)
  21. El Paso County (County Seat: Colorado Springs)
  22. Elbert County (County Seat: Kiowa)
  23. Fremont County (County Seat: Cañon City)
  24. Garfield County (County Seat: Glenwood Springs)
  25. Gilpin County (County Seat: Central City)
  26. Grand County (County Seat: Hot Sulphur Springs)
  27. Gunnison County (County Seat: Gunnison)
  28. Hinsdale County (County Seat: Lake City)
  29. Huerfano County (County Seat: Walsenburg)
  30. Jackson County (County Seat: Walden)
  31. Jefferson County (County Seat: Golden)
  32. Kiowa County (County Seat: Eads)
  33. Kit Carson County (County Seat: Burlington)
  34. La Plata County (County Seat: Durango)
  35. Lake County (County Seat: Leadville)
  36. Larimer County (County Seat: Fort Collins)
  37. Las Animas County (County Seat: Trinidad)
  38. Lincoln County (County Seat: Hugo)
  39. Logan County (County Seat: Sterling)
  40. Mesa County (County Seat: Grand Junction)
  41. Mineral County (County Seat: Creede)
  42. Moffat County (County Seat: Craig)
  43. Montezuma County (County Seat: Cortez)
  44. Montrose County (County Seat: Montrose)
  45. Morgan County (County Seat: Fort Morgan)
  46. Otero County (County Seat: La Junta)
  47. Ouray County (County Seat: Ouray)
  48. Park County (County Seat: Fairplay)
  49. Phillips County (County Seat: Holyoke)
  50. Pitkin County (County Seat: Aspen)
  51. Prowers County (County Seat: Lamar)
  52. Pueblo County (County Seat: Pueblo)
  53. Rio Blanco County (County Seat: Meeker)
  54. Rio Grande County (County Seat: Del Norte)
  55. Routt County (County Seat: Steamboat Springs)
  56. Saguache County (County Seat: Saguache)
  57. San Juan County (County Seat: Silverton)
  58. San Miguel County (County Seat: Telluride)
  59. Sedgwick County (County Seat: Julesburg)
  60. Summit County (County Seat: Breckenridge)
  61. Teller County (County Seat: Cripple Creek)
  62. Washington County (County Seat: Akron)
  63. Weld County (County Seat: Greeley)
  64. Yuma County (County Seat: Wray)

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