Georgia General Information

“Georgia on my mind” – the song made famous by Ray Charles is a wonderful homage to Georgia, the state that unites everything that makes the “Deep South” so unique and attractive. You need a lot of time to get to know the “Pearl of the South” and to discover its beautiful sides. Georgia – that stands for Coca Cola, the Olympic Games, memories of the American Revolutionary War, fragrant magnolias, magnificent mansions and scenes from “Gone with the Wind”. Georgia is characterized by numerous swamps, lush forests, rugged mountains, a wonderful coastline, dreamy small towns and romantic villages as well as excellent cuisine. The state is home to the three National Monuments Fort Pulaski, Ocmulgee and Fort Frederica.

Georgia Population

Abbreviated as GA on ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG, Georgia, also known as the “Peach State” or “Empire State of the South”, is located in the southeastern United States. With its founding in 1732, he joined the 13 southern colonies as the last member. Georgia was named after the English King George II. Georgia, which appears rather rural, is the largest in the southern states in terms of area. In terms of tourism, it can be divided into nine regions, but they all have one thing in common: warm hospitality and a great passion for music, which is why various music festivals take place in the cities every year.

The climate in Georgia is predominantly subtropical and also quite mild. The winters are very short and snow is rare. In contrast, the summers are hot and very humid, but you can visit Georgia all year round. Often the travelers are drawn to the “Peach State” in spring or autumn, because then the temperatures are optimal and you come right at the magnolia and cherry blossom. In general, it is warmer in Georgia’s coastal regions than in the mountainous regions of the north, for example. The Indian summer is almost as beautiful and colorful here as it is in New England.

Georgia can be divided into the northwest, the southwest as well as the interior and the coastal region. The northwest forms the southern end of the Appalachian Mountains. The southwest is characterized by many rivers and the Piedmont plain. The interior forms the historical heart of Georgia around the metropolitan area of ​​the capital Atlanta. The coastal region includes the offshore islands and the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway.

Northern Georgia is embedded in the Blue Ridge Mountains and characterized by forested mountain ranges that gently run through the regions. North Georgia is also known for its dramatic waterfalls, which form a spectacular backdrop. Even then, the Cherokee Indians called this region the “Land of the Thousand Waterfalls”. The southeast, on the other hand, extends over 161 km along the Atlantic coast and the southern Atlantic coast is preceded by the “Golden Isles”, which are known as North America’s most beautiful beach islands.


Georgia is a state in the United States of America (USA). The governor’s name is Sonny Perdue and he is a Republican. The postal abbreviation is GA.


Peach State



Biggest town



Rank (within the US): 24th out of 50 states

Total: 154,077 km²

Land: 150,132 km²

Water (%): 3,945 km² (2.6%)


Rank (within the US): 10th out of 50 states

Total (2000): 8,186,453

Density: 53 / km²

State membership

4th place

Since: January 2, 1788


Time zone: Eastern: UTC -5 / -4

Latitude: 30 ° 31’N to 35 ° N

Longitude 81 ° W to 85 ° 53’W

Width: 370 km

Length: 480 km

Highest position: 1,458 m

Average location: 180 m

Lowest position: 0 m

Georgia State Flag

Georgia is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the US state of South Carolina, the state of Florida to the south, the state of Alabama to the west, and the states of Tennessee and North Carolina to the north. The north of the state is in the Blue Ridge Mountains.

The highest point in the state is the Brasstown Bald (1458 m) list of counties in Georgia. The largest cities in Georgia are Atlanta (capital), Albany, Athens, Augusta, Claxton and Columbus.


There are 9,687,653 residents in Georgia.


Before the Europeans came to Georgia, the Creek and Cherokee Indians ruled the country. The first European was the Spaniard Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon, who founded the first colony in 1526 near the island of St. Catherine’s Island. Hernando de Soto came to the Georgia coast in 1540 and explored the region.

In 1566 the Spaniards founded Santa Catalina. The conflict between Spain and England began around 1670 when the English from North Carolina and Spanish from South Florida met. The British named the country Georgia in honor of their King George II. They were able to occupy Santa Catalina, Spain, in 1680. On November 17, 1732, the English general James Oglethorpe drove to Georgia with 120 colonists to found the first English settlement in Georgia. He and 114 colonists arrived at Yamacraw Bluff on February 12, 1733, establishing the city of Savannah, and thus Georgia.

In 1776 Georgia was able to break away from the British and became autonomous. Georgia was one of the 13 colonies that revolted against British rule in North America (War of Independence). It joined the United States on January 2, 1788 as the fourth state.

In 1798, Georgia became the last of the US states to prohibit the slave trade but not the use of slaves. During the American Civil War (1861-1865) the country belonged to the Southern Union of the Confederate States of America.


The headquarters of the ‘Coca-Cola Company’ was founded in Georgia in 1892. The “peach state” of Georgia grows cotton, rice, tobacco, sugar cane, peanuts and various kinds of fruits. In the cities there are predominantly textile, wood and food industries.

Georgia Counties and County Seats

According to Countryaah, there are a total of 159 counties in the state of Georgia.

  1. Appling County (County Seat: Baxley)
  2. Atkinson County (County Seat: Pearson)
  3. Bacon County (County Seat: Alma)
  4. Baker County (County Seat: Newton)
  5. Baldwin County (County Seat: Milledgeville)
  6. Banks County (County Seat: Homer)
  7. Barrow County (County Seat: Winder)
  8. Bartow County (County Seat: Cartersville)
  9. Ben Hill County (County Seat: Fitzgerald)
  10. Berrien County (County Seat: Nashville)
  11. Bibb County (County Seat: Macon)
  12. Bleckley County (County Seat: Cochran)
  13. Brantley County (County Seat: Nahunta)
  14. Brooks County (County Seat: Quitman)
  15. Bryan County (County Seat: Pembroke)
  16. Bulloch County (County Seat: Statesboro)
  17. Burke County (County Seat: Waynesboro)
  18. Butts County (County Seat: Jackson)
  19. Calhoun County (County Seat: Morgan)
  20. Camden County (County Seat: Woodbine)
  21. Candler County (County Seat: Metter)
  22. Carroll County (County Seat: Carrollton)
  23. Catoosa County (County Seat: Ringgold)
  24. Charlton County (County Seat: Folkston)
  25. Chatham County (County Seat: Savannah)
  26. Chattahoochee County (County Seat: Cusseta)
  27. Chattooga County (County Seat: Summerville)
  28. Cherokee County (County Seat: Canton)
  29. Clarke County (County Seat: Athens)
  30. Clay County (County Seat: Fort Gaines)
  31. Clayton County (County Seat: Jonesboro)
  32. Clinch County (County Seat: Homerville)
  33. Cobb County (County Seat: Marietta)
  34. Coffee County (County Seat: Douglas)
  35. Colquitt County (County Seat: Moultrie)
  36. Columbia County (County Seat: Appling)
  37. Cook County (County Seat: Adel)
  38. Coweta County (County Seat: Newnan)
  39. Crawford County (County Seat: Knoxville)
  40. Crisp County (County Seat: Cordele)
  41. Dade County (County Seat: Trenton)
  42. Dawson County (County Seat: Dawsonville)
  43. Decatur County (County Seat: Bainbridge)
  44. DeKalb County (County Seat: Decatur)
  45. Dodge County (County Seat: Eastman)
  46. Dooly County (County Seat: Vienna)
  47. Dougherty County (County Seat: Albany)
  48. Douglas County (County Seat: Douglasville)
  49. Early County (County Seat: Blakely)
  50. Echols County (County Seat: Statenville)
  51. Effingham County (County Seat: Springfield)
  52. Elbert County (County Seat: Elberton)
  53. Emanuel County (County Seat: Swainsboro)
  54. Evans County (County Seat: Claxton)
  55. Fannin County (County Seat: Blue Ridge)
  56. Fayette County (County Seat: Fayetteville)
  57. Floyd County (County Seat: Rome)
  58. Forsyth County (County Seat: Cumming)
  59. Franklin County (County Seat: Carnesville)
  60. Fulton County (County Seat: Atlanta)
  61. Gilmer County (County Seat: Ellijay)
  62. Glascock County (County Seat: Gibson)
  63. Glynn County (County Seat: Brunswick)
  64. Gordon County (County Seat: Calhoun)
  65. Grady County (County Seat: Cairo)
  66. Greene County (County Seat: Greensboro)
  67. Gwinnett County (County Seat: Lawrenceville)
  68. Habersham County (County Seat: Clarkesville)
  69. Hall County (County Seat: Gainesville)
  70. Hancock County (County Seat: Sparta)
  71. Haralson County (County Seat: Buchanan)
  72. Harris County (County Seat: Hamilton)
  73. Hart County (County Seat: Hartwell)
  74. Heard County (County Seat: Franklin)
  75. Henry County (County Seat: McDonough)
  76. Houston County (County Seat: Perry)
  77. Irwin County (County Seat: Ocilla)
  78. Jackson County (County Seat: Jefferson)
  79. Jasper County (County Seat: Monticello)
  80. Jeff Davis County (County Seat: Hazlehurst)
  81. Jefferson County (County Seat: Louisville)
  82. Jenkins County (County Seat: Millen)
  83. Johnson County (County Seat: Wrigtsville)
  84. Jones County (County Seat: Gray)
  85. Lamar County (County Seat: Barnesville)
  86. Lanier County (County Seat: Lakeland)
  87. Laurens County (County Seat: Dublin)
  88. Lee County (County Seat: Leesburg)
  89. Liberty County (County Seat: Hinesville)
  90. Lincoln County (County Seat: Lincolnton)
  91. Long County (County Seat: Ludowici)
  92. Lowndes County (County Seat: Valdosta)
  93. Lumpkin County (County Seat: Dahlonega)
  94. McDuffie County (County Seat: Thomson)
  95. McIntosh County (County Seat: Darien)
  96. Macon County (County Seat: Oglethorpe)
  97. Madison County (County Seat: Danielsville)
  98. Marion County (County Seat: Buena Vista)
  99. Meriwether County (County Seat: Greenville)
  100. Miller County (County Seat: Colquitt)
  101. Mitchell County (County Seat: Camilla)
  102. Monroe County (County Seat: Forsyth)
  103. Montgomery County (County Seat: Mount Vernon)
  104. Morgan County (County Seat: Madison)
  105. Murray County (County Seat: Chatsworth)
  106. Muscogee County (County Seat: Columbus)
  107. Newton County (County Seat: Covington)
  108. Oconee County (County Seat: Watkinsville)
  109. Oglethorpe County (County Seat: Lexington)
  110. Paulding County (County Seat: Dallas)
  111. Peach County (County Seat: Fort Valley)
  112. Pickens County (County Seat: Jasper)
  113. Pierce County (County Seat: Blackshear)
  114. Pike County (County Seat: Zebulon)
  115. Polk County (County Seat: Cedartown)
  116. Pulaski County (County Seat: Hawkinsville)
  117. Putnam County (County Seat: Eatonton)
  118. Quitman County (County Seat: Georgetown)
  119. Rabun County (County Seat: Clayton)
  120. Randolph County (County Seat: Cuthbert)
  121. Richmond County (County Seat: Augusta)
  122. Rockdale County (County Seat: Conyers)
  123. Schley County (County Seat: Ellaville)
  124. Screven County (County Seat: Sylvania)
  125. Seminole County (County Seat: Donalsonville)
  126. Spalding County (County Seat: Griffin)
  127. Stephens County (County Seat: Toccoa)
  128. Stewart County (County Seat: Lumpkin)
  129. Sumter County (County Seat: Americus)
  130. Talbot County (County Seat: Talbotton)
  131. Taliaferro County (County Seat: Crawfordville)
  132. Tattnall County (County Seat: Reidsville)
  133. Taylor County (County Seat: Butler)
  134. Telfair County (County Seat: McRae)
  135. Terrell County (County Seat: Dawson)
  136. Thomasville County (County Seat: Thomasville)
  137. Tift County (County Seat: Tifton)
  138. Toombs County (County Seat: Lyons)
  139. Towns County (County Seat: Hiawassee)
  140. Treutlen County (County Seat: Soperton)
  141. Troup County (County Seat: La Grange)
  142. Turner County (County Seat: Ashburn)
  143. Twiggs County (County Seat: Jeffersonville)
  144. Union County (County Seat: Blairsville)
  145. Upson County (County Seat: Thomaston)
  146. Walker County (County Seat: La Fayette)
  147. Walton County (County Seat: Monroe)
  148. Ware County (County Seat: Waycross)
  149. Warren County (County Seat: Warrenton)
  150. Washington County (County Seat: Sandersville)
  151. Wayne County (County Seat: Jesup)
  152. Webster County (County Seat: Preston)
  153. wheeler County (County Seat: Alamo)
  154. White County (County Seat: Cleveland)
  155. Whitfield County (County Seat: Dalton)
  156. Wilcox County (County Seat: Abbeville)
  157. Wilkes County (County Seat: Washington)
  158. Wilkinson County (County Seat: Irwinton)
  159. Worth County (County Seat: Sylvester)

Chattahoochee River

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