North Carolina General Information

Abbreviated as NC on ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG, the state of North Carolina is located in the southeastern United States and lies on the Atlantic coast. The capital of North Carolina has been Raleigh since 1792. The state is located in southern Georgia and South Carolina, in western Tennessee and bounded in northern Virginia. Due to its special geographical location, North Carolina can be divided into three different climatic zones: the coastal region, the mountain region and the Piedmont plateau. The southeast is characterized by a subtropical climate, whereas the mountainous region of the Appalachian Mountains is more temperate to continental. It can be said that the Gulf Stream, like the mountains, determine the climate and temperatures in North Carolina. The highest mountain in North Carolina and the Appalachian Mountains is Mount Mitchell with its 2,037 m.

North Carolina Population

North Carolina’s history begins in 1663, when it was still a British crown colony. The state got its name from the English King Charles I. As one of the 13 colonies, North Carolina renounced its motherland England in the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and was thus one of the founding states of the USA. However, North Carolina joined the Confederation during the American Civil War and declared its withdrawal from the United States. After the end of the civil war, the agricultural state became an industrial location. Today, alongside industry, it is tourism that boosts the economy of the historic state.

From the very beginning, North Carolina was a major exporter of tar and pitch, which quickly earned it the nickname “Tar Heel State”. The people of North Carolina still proudly call themselves “tar heels”. Although tar and pitch no longer play a major role, North Carolina is the most important and most important tobacco producer in the entire United States.
The diversity of North Carolina’s landscapes can be described with one word: gigantic. From the imposing Mount Mitchell in the mountain region, over the rolling hills of the Piedmont to the Atlantic coast, you will find everything here. According to the grandiose landscape, the flora and fauna are also quite diverse and impressive.

Beach vacationers in the coastal region can look forward to more than 500 km of coastline and a multitude of wonderful sandy beaches, which are lined with mangroves and palm trees. Hikers get their money’s worth in the opulent mountains of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Appalachians or Great Smokey Mountains. Nature lovers should definitely not miss a visit to the “Great Smokey Mountains” National Park, which, by the way, has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Very typical for the southern states, of course, music, cuisine, especially the barbecue, and culture play an important role in people’s lives. Old plantations and antebellum villas, as well as magnificent mansions, invite you to take a trip into the past of a special kind. Unforgettable beautiful panoramas are revealed to the visitor while driving on the popular travel route “Blue Ridge Mountains Parkway”. A wide range of cultural offerings with countless museums, historical sites, interesting exhibitions and breathtaking sights is just as natural here as the traditional southern flair, which of course cannot be missing here either. North Carolina, home of the world famous Pepsi, is a state between tradition and modernity.

Wright Brothers National Memorial


North Carolina (dt. North Carolina) is a US state on the southeast coast of North America.


Tar Heel State



Biggest town



Rank (within the US): 28th out of 50 states

Total: 139,509 km²

Land: 126,256 km²

Water (%): 13,227 km² (9.5%)


Rank (within the US): 11th out of 50 states

Total (2000): 8,049,313

Density: 57.7 / km²

State membership

Place: 12th

Since: November 21, 1789


Time zone: Eastern: UTC -5 / -4

Latitude: 34 ° N to 36 ° 21 “N

Longitude 75 ° 30’W to 84 ° 15’W

Width: 240 km

Length: 805 km

Highest position: 2,037 m

Average location: 215 m

Lowest position: 0 m

North Carolina State Flag


There are 8,049,313 residents in North Carolina.


During the Civil War (1861-1865) the state belonged to the Southern Union of the Confederate States of America.


The capital of North Carolina is Raleigh and the most populous city is Charlotte.

North Carolina Counties and County Seats

According to Countryaah, there are a total of 100 counties in the state of North Carolina.

  1. Alamance County (County Seat: Graham)
  2. Alexander County (County Seat: Taylorsville)
  3. Alleghany County (County Seat: Sparta)
  4. Anson County (County Seat: Wadesboro)
  5. Ashe County (County Seat: Jefferson)
  6. Avery County (County Seat: Newland)
  7. Beaufort County (County Seat: Washington)
  8. Bertie County (County Seat: Windsor)
  9. Bladen County (County Seat: Elizabethtown)
  10. Brunswick County (County Seat: Bolivia)
  11. Buncombe County (County Seat: Asheville)
  12. Burke County (County Seat: Morganton)
  13. Cabarrus County (County Seat: Concord)
  14. Caldwell County (County Seat: Lenoir)
  15. Camden County (County Seat: Camden)
  16. Carteret County (County Seat: Beaufort)
  17. Caswell County (County Seat: Yanceyville)
  18. Catawba County (County Seat: Newton)
  19. Chatham County (County Seat: Pittsboro)
  20. Cherokee County (County Seat: Murphy)
  21. Chowan County (County Seat: Edenton)
  22. Clay County (County Seat: Hayesville)
  23. Cleveland County (County Seat: Shelby)
  24. Columbus County (County Seat: Whiteville)
  25. Craven County (County Seat: New Bern)
  26. Cumberland County (County Seat: Fayetteville)
  27. Currituck County (County Seat: Currituck)
  28. Dare County (County Seat: Manteo)
  29. Davidson County (County Seat: Lexington)
  30. Davie County (County Seat: Mocksville)
  31. Duplin County (County Seat: Kenansville)
  32. Durham County (County Seat: Durham)
  33. Edgecombe County (County Seat: Tarboro)
  34. Forsyth County (County Seat: Winston-Salem)
  35. Franklin County (County Seat: Louisburg)
  36. Gaston County (County Seat: Gastonia)
  37. Gates County (County Seat: Gatesville)
  38. Graham County (County Seat: Robbinsville)
  39. Granville County (County Seat: Oxford)
  40. Greene County (County Seat: Snow Hill)
  41. Guilford County (County Seat: Greensboro)
  42. Halifax County (County Seat: Halifax)
  43. Harnett County (County Seat: Lillington)
  44. Haywood County (County Seat: Waynesville)
  45. Henderson County (County Seat: Hendersonville)
  46. Hertford County (County Seat: Winton)
  47. Hoke County (County Seat: Raeford)
  48. Hyde County (County Seat: Swan Quarter)
  49. Iredell County (County Seat: Statesville)
  50. Jackson County (County Seat: Sylva)
  51. Johnston County (County Seat: Smithfield)
  52. Jones County (County Seat: Trenton)
  53. Lee County (County Seat: Sanford)
  54. Lenoir County (County Seat: Kinston)
  55. Lincoln County (County Seat: Lincolnton)
  56. Macon County (County Seat: Franklin)
  57. Madison County (County Seat: Marshall)
  58. Martin County (County Seat: Williamston)
  59. McDowell County (County Seat: Marion)
  60. Mecklenburg County (County Seat: Charlotte)
  61. Mitchell County (County Seat: Bakersville)
  62. Montgomery County (County Seat: Troy)
  63. Moore County (County Seat: Carthage)
  64. Nash County (County Seat: Nashville)
  65. New Hanover County (County Seat: Wilmington)
  66. Northampton County (County Seat: Jackson)
  67. Onslow County (County Seat: Jacksonville)
  68. Orange County (County Seat: Hillsborough)
  69. Pamlico County (County Seat: Bayboro)
  70. Pasquotank County (County Seat: Elizabeth City)
  71. Pender County (County Seat: Burgaw)
  72. Perquimans County (County Seat: Hertford)
  73. Person County (County Seat: Roxboro)
  74. Pitt County (County Seat: Greenville)
  75. Polk County (County Seat: Columbus)
  76. Randolph County (County Seat: Asheboro)
  77. Richmond County (County Seat: Rockingham)
  78. Robeson County (County Seat: Lumberton)
  79. Rockingham County (County Seat: Wentworth)
  80. Rowan County (County Seat: Salisbury)
  81. Rutherford County (County Seat: Rutherfordton)
  82. Sampson County (County Seat: Clinton)
  83. Scotland County (County Seat: Laurinburg)
  84. Stanly County (County Seat: Albemarle)
  85. Stokes County (County Seat: Danbury)
  86. Surry County (County Seat: Dobson)
  87. Swain County (County Seat: Bryson City)
  88. Transylvania County (County Seat: Brevard)
  89. Tyrrell County (County Seat: Columbia)
  90. Union County (County Seat: Monroe)
  91. Vance County (County Seat: Henderson)
  92. Wake County (County Seat: Raleigh)
  93. Warren County (County Seat: Warrenton)
  94. Washington County (County Seat: Plymouth)
  95. Watauga County (County Seat: Boone)
  96. Wayne County (County Seat: Goldsboro)
  97. Wilkes County (County Seat: Wilkesboro)
  98. Wilson County (County Seat: Wilson)
  99. Yadkin County (County Seat: Yadkinville)
  100. Yancey County (County Seat: Burnsville)

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